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34 Biology
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34 Geomatics Engineering
34 Elementary Science Education MSc Program
34 Elementary Mathematics Eduation MSc Program
34 Civil Engineering
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34 Chemistry
34 Mining Engineering
34 Mechanical Engineering
34 Mathematics
34 Metallurgical and Material Engineering
34 Molecular Biology
34 Nanotechnology Engineering
34
Molecular Biology

Content of Courses for Molecular Biology MSc Program

  • MBG717 Insect Molecular Physiology I (3-0-3) 6 AKT

The history of insect physiology, cuticle structure, chitin, sclerotin, pigmentation of cuticle, tracheae, tracheoles, diffusion of oxygen, carbonic anhydrase, blood pressure, control heartbeat, plasmatocytes, haemoglobin, fat body, feeding mechanism, fore-gut, salivary glands, digestion of cellulose, symbionts in digestion.

  • MBG718 Insect Molecular Physiology II (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Excretion system, excretory organs, urate cells, malpighian tubules, rectal reabsorption, absorption of water, food requirements, vitamins, energy sources, anaerobic metabolsim, silk production, mum, defensive secretions, growth ratio, metamorphosis, juvenil hormone, ecdysone, regeneration, sexual dimorphism, photoperiod and diapause, testis and spermatozoa, ovary and egg cells, flight muscle, sense organs, behaviour, endocrine glands, pheromones.

  • MBG719 Molecular Cell Biology I (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

This course will cover advanced principle of cellular biology including cell theory, physical and chemical structures of cell, specifity and structures of biomolecules, energy transformations, the flow of the genetic information and cellular compositions.

  • MBG720 Molecular Cell Biology II (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Organisms have a common structure at cellular and subcellular levels. The students will gain insight into the molecular mechanisms that are the basis for the cellular processes such as membrane transport, membrane potential, protein sorting, cell differentiation, embryo formation and cellular immunology in this course.

  • MBG721 Digestive Physiology I (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

From One-celled to many-celled organisms, from invertebrates to vertebrates, including humans digestive system of all living organisms, organelles or bodies responsible will be dealt with comparatively.

  • MBG722 Digestive Physiology II (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

This course comparatively examines the digestive system, organells and organs involved in this system from one-celled to multicellular living things, and from invertabrates to vertebrates including man.

  • MBG723 Biochemical Physiology I (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Biochemical physiology is an area that give an information about adaptation to altered changing metabolism of animals. It is concerned with prevention of excessive water loss , nutrient acquisition and fluctuating temperature, salinity, and oxygen levels in the biochemical physiology changes of animals. And also this course will be examined action mechanism of hormones and level signal transmission at the cellular, regulation of carbohydrate, lipid , and protein metabolism metabolic pathways and determination of their correlation , macro and micro nutrient components , digestion and absorption of nutrient, conversion between carbohydrates and fats, using vitamins and minerals in the body, energy expenditure in over nutrition and consequent excess weight, hunger, muscle activity, nutritional deficiencies, malnutrition body fluids , blood, electrolyte balance, acid-base balance , formation of free radicals and antioxidants events

  • MBG724 Biochemical PhysiologyII (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

This course will be given an information about metabolism, enzyme structure and function, signal transduction and action mechanisms of hormones, carbohydrate, lipid, and regulation of metabolic pathway of protein metabolism, the relationship between this pathways, macro and micro nutrient components, digestion and absorption of nutrient, conversion between carbohydrates and lipids, the use of vitamins and minerals in the body.

  • MBG725 System Physiology (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Cellular physiology, Nervous and muscle physiology, Special sensory systems, Endocrinology, Reproduction, Respiration of animals and human, Blood, Transport of biomolecules in organisms, Regulation of metabolic processes.

  • MBG726 Metabolism (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Building blocks and metabolic intermediate products of living organisms, and their functions. Metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, hormons, vitamins and amino acids, RNA synthesis and processing, Protein targeting, signal sequences, signal recognition particle, Receptor-mediated endocytosis.

  • MBG727 Bioinformatics in Biological Sciences (2-1-3) 6 AKTS

Usage of bioinformatic tools and their applications (protein structure analysis, primer design, mutation analysis, prediction of promoter region, methylation analysis, restriction analysis, homology search, pairwise alignment, microarray technology and its analysis etc.), introduction of genome browser and databases and their applications (NCBI, Pubmed, Sanger, Ensembl, UCSC etc.)

  • MBG728 Model Organisms in Molecular Biology (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Various eukaryotic and prokaryotic model organisms used in molecular biology and genetics field (E. coli, S. cerevisiae, S. pombe, D. melanogaster, C. elegans, D. reiro, M. musculus, R. norvegicus, A. thaliana) will be introduced, area of their use, how and for what purpose they are used, their advantageous and disadvantageous properties will be covered with the help of representative scientific articles.

  • MBG729 Advanced Molecular Biology of the Gene (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Topics of advanced molecular biology of the gene (chromosome packaging, DNA repair mechanisms, control mechanisms of gene expression, signaling pathways, cell cycle etc.) will be covered and comprehensive reading, evaluations and discussions of recent and high impact research and review articles based on those topics.

  • MBG730 Molecular Basis of Cancer (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Topics of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, signaling pathways, cell cycle, cancer progresssion, angiogenesis, metastasis, tumor immunology, cancer therapy will be covered and comprehensive reading, evaluations and discussions of recent and high impact research and review articles based on those topics.

  • MBG731 Methods in Molecular Biology (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Techniques and protocols used in modern molecular biology will be covered with the help of representative scientific articles.

  • MBG732 Advanced Molecular Genetics (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Mechanisms of mendelian and non-mendelian inheritance, mechanism of replication and recombination in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, mechanisms of gene transcription and translation and regulation of those mechanisms, comprehensive reading, evaluations and discussions of recent and high impact research and review articles based on those topics.

  • MBG733 Medical Genetics (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Explanation of the basic concepts of medical genetics such as mendelian inheritance, pedigree, mutations, properties of autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, X chromosomal inheritance, factors affecting the phenotype in single gene disorders, mosaicism, uniparental disomy and genomic imprinting, multifactorial inheritance, mitochondrial inheritance and triplet repeat diseases.

  • MBG734 Prenatal Diagnosis and Genetic Counseling (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

The methods currently used for prenatal diagnosis, significance of prenatal screening in prenatal diagnosis, indications of prenatal diagnosis, Amniocentesis, the chromosome analysis of chorionic villi biopsy, cordocentesis, the importance of genetic counseling and basic principles, genetic counseling in single gene disorders, nonmendelian and multifactorial diseases, genetic counseling in chromosome abnormalities, mental retardation and congenital malformations. Ethical and legal issues in genetic counseling.

  • MBG735 Cell Culture Techiques and It’s Applications (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

How the cells were cultured that was taken from multicellular organisms, cultural characteristics, preparation of tools and materials that is used to make culture (safety of cell culture laboratory, working principles in the tissue culture laboratory, contamination, sterilization techniques, culture media and solutions) and Applications of cell culture methods in molecular biology and recombinant DNA technology.

  • MBG736 Using of recombinant DNA technologies in treatment (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Main objective of this course is learning to DNA sequence design and cloning techniques applied in current research and genetic therapy. Stages in the implementation of gene therapy, treatment with antisense oligonucleotide, genetic immunomodulations and protection of normal tissue, selection of target tissue and gene transfer techniques, drug targeting, gene therapy will be discussed.

  • MBG737 Cytogenetics (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Structure and organization of the chromosome, chromosome staining and band techniques, X inactivation, Lyon hypothesis, meiotic chromosomes, chromosome breakage, obtaining human chromosomes by long-term cultures, karyotyping, to examine the research methods in cytogenetics.

  • MBG738 Stem cell and Recent Applications (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

What are stem cells, stem cell types, acquisition, duplication and differentiation, their location, tasks and learning to use stem cell culture methods for diagnosis and treatment.

  • MBG739 Genom Analysis Methods (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

DNA Isolation, RNA Isolation, elektrophoresis, hybridiziation methods (Northern, Southhern ve WesternBlot), polymerase chain reaction (PCR), Real-Time PCR, RFLP, VNTR ve STR polymorphisms, SSCP, ARMS ve ASO tecnique, DNA Sequencing Analysis, Microarray, Exon Sequencing (Next Generation Sequencing)

  • BIY709 Advanced Insect Biochemistry I (2-2-3) 6 AKTS

Organogenesis, Peritrophic membrane, Digestive enzymes, Specific nutrients, Measures of food intake and utilization, Molting and formation of new cuticle, The Prothoracic glands, The Corpora allata and Juvenil hormon, Pathways of Metabolism, The Central Nervous System, The Neuropil, Conduction of the action potential.

  • BIY710 Advanced Insect Biochemistry II (2-2-3) 6 AKTS

Muscles, Basic muscle structure, Chemoreceptors, Hemocytes, Hemoglobin in insects, Structure of the tracheal system, Respitory pigments, Water balance, Malpighian tubules, Pheromones, Female reproductive system, The Chorion.

  • BIY716 Biotechnology (3-0-3) 6 AKTS (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Overview of biotechnology, Basic fundamentals of biotechnology, Production of biological metabolits, Applications of biotechnology in human life and environment.

  • BIY717 Biochemistry of Health (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Genaral structure and function of biomolecules, Metabolism deficiency, Control and regulation of intermediate metabolic processes, Biochemistry of defence mechanism, Importance of nutritional biomolecules for living organisms.

  • BIY718 Tissue and System Physiology (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Cellular physiology, Nervous and muscle physiology, Special sensory systems, Endocrinology, Reproduction, Respiration of animals and human, Blood, Transport of biomolecules in organisms, Regulation of metabolic processes.

  • BIY719 Molecular Metabolism (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Building blocks and metabolic intermediate products of living organisms, and their functions. Metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, hormons, vitamins and amino acids, RNA synthesis and processing, Protein targeting, signal sequences, signal recognition particle, Receptor-mediated endocytosis.

  • BIY741 Plant Tissue Culture Techniques (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Importance of plant tissue culture, Meristem culture, Production of virus free plants, Clonal propagation, Synthetic seed, Anther and ovul culture-Regeneration of haploid plant and importance of it, Protoplast culture and applications, PlanBiyolojik bimprovement, Germplasm preservation, Plant tissue culture in biotechnology

  • BIY743 Electron Microscope Tecniques in Biology (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

The purpose is to give basic topics regarding the studies with electron microscope - an important tool in ultrastructural researches in basic science studies. Types and operating principles of electron microscopes, preparation techniques used in ultrastructural researches, sample protocoles and recent techniques.

  • BIY745 Plant Growth Regulators (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

The purpose is to give the basic topics regarding the studies about plant growth regulators, which are regarded as important stimulant substances in basic science studies, applied biological sciences, plant breeding as well as plant tissue culture researches. Definition and classification of plant growth regulators; biosyntheses, functions and metabolic processes of auxins, cytokinins, giberellic acids, absisic acid, etylene and organic molecules (one of the plant growth regulators as considered in recent studies) as well as characteristics of synthetic plant growth regulators.

  • BIY756 Medical and Pharmacological Properties of the Seeds (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Seed development and structure, Therapeutic Use of Seed (Ethnobotanic Position), material in the seed (fatty acids, antioxidants, inorganic components, etc..), The importance of the seeds to health (cardiovascular, Metabolimiks, cancer etc..), toxins, allergens in the seeds, examples of the seed used for pharmacological and Medical effects.

  • BIY758 Differentiation and Cell Death in Plants (3-0-3) 6 AKTS

Introduction to Plant Cell Differentiation and death input (senescence, aging, programmed cell death), Plant cell differentiation in plant, cell death in plant, alevrone and skutell, I xylem, Aeranki me, abscission zones, cell death in reproductive organs, cell death in plant diseases Senesensd gene expression, Ethylene signal, Jasmonate role in response to the stress and the development process, leaf senescence, the whole plant senescence.

  • MBG797 M.Sc. Seminar (0- 2 -0) 3 AKTS

The Course offers the M.Sc. students to prepare a text with a proper format by investigating literatures and to give an oral presentation to their departmental academic staff. The oral presentations enable the students to gain ability in interactively transfering knowledge and disscusion.

  • MBG798 M.Sc. Field of Specialization (3-0-0) 15 AKTS

This is a theorical course offerred in semestre, semestre break and summer terms followed by appointment of the advisor for M.Sc. students. It provides M.Sc. students to obtain scientific ethic and discipline.

  • MBG799 M.Sc. Thesis Research (0-1-0) 15 AKTS

This is a practical course offerred in year, semestre, semestre break and summer terms followed by appointment of the advisor for M.Sc. students.

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