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21
Environmental Engineering

Content of Courses for Environmental Engineering MSc Program

  • CEV 701 Membrane Processes in Environmental Engineering I (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Definition of membrane and membrane processes, Historical development in membrane processes, membrane materials and membrane preparation methods, Physical, chemical and surface properties of membranes, mass transport in membranes, Applications of membranes and membrane processes in aqueous environment.

  • CEV 702 Membrane Processes in Environmental Engineering II (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Organic and inorganic membranes and membrane types, principles of gas separation via membranes, general overview of gasification processes: hydrogen production, dehydrogenation, hydrocarbon-hydrocarbon separation, H2S-hydrocarbon separation, hydrocarbon-hydrogen separation, hydrogen-CO2 separation, hydrogen-CO separation, nitrogen-oxygen separation, nitrogen-hydrogen separation, CH4 - CO2 separation, catalytic membrane preparations, catalytic membrane reactors and gas production and their applications in separation operations.

  • CEV 703 Volatile Organic Compounds Controls in Air Pollution (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs), Definition and classifications, Analyzing techniques for VOCs, VOCs controls using Adsorption Method, VOCs controls using Absorption Method, VOCs controls using Cryogenic Method, VOCs controls using catalytic combustion Method, New Control Techniques for VOCs. Examples of practical VOCs removal applications.

  • CEV 704 Fuel Cell Technologies (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Definitions, Historical developments of fuel cells, Energy Requirements and Emissions, Alkaline fuel cells and design principles, phosphoric acid fuel cells, Molten carbonate fuel cells, Solid oxide fuel cells, Solid Polymer fuel cells, Electrochemistry of fuel cells, Fuel Production methods for Fuel Cells, Example fuel cell Problems and application problems.

  • CEV 706 The Principles of the Control of Particulate Matter Emissions in Air Pollution (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Definition of particulate matter, sources and emissions, Fluid Resistance to Particle Motion, Gravity, Momentum, and Centrifugal Separators; Aerodynamic Capture of Particles; Wet Scrubbers; Electrostatic Precipitators, Bag Filters, example problems.

  • CEV 708 Solid Waste Management (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Solid wastes; description; classification and characteristics; Solid waste management; Basic tools of management; the collection, transfer and deposition of solid waste; Solid Waste Minimization; Disposal of solid waste.

  • CEV 711 Electrokinetics Processes and Applications (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Chemical structure of solid-liquid mixtures. Electro-kinetic processes and mathematical models: electro-osmosis, electrophoresis and electro-migration. Measurement of electrokinetic parameters: zeta potential and electrophoretic motion. Removal of hazardous substances from soil via electro-osmosis. Advantages and disadvantages of electric field application in solid-liquid separation.

  • CEV 712 Groundwater Pollution and Transport Processes (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Characteristics and importance of groundwater. Groundwater related geological and hydrological structures. Groundwater pollution, pollution sources and characteristics. Data required for pollution studies. Transport processes in the groundwater. Saturated and unsaturated zone definitions. Transports in homogenous and heterogeneous media. Removal processes of pollutants during transport. The effects of pollution on environment.

  • CEV 713 Water and Wastewater Treatment Prosesses (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Water resources, drinking water standards. Suspended solids, ionic substances, poisonous pollutants. Domestic and industrial wastes. Wastewater analysis methods and examples of water standards from different countries. Pollutant removal processes and design parameters. General knowledge of pretreatment of wastewaters. Non-aerobic processes, multiphase reactors.

  • CEV 715 Air Pollution Modelling and Its Application (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Introduction to air quality modeling, Air Pollution Meteorology, Modeling Approaches, Statistical Models and applications, Time Series and applications, Box Models and applications, Dispersion model and applications, New Model Approaches and Applications.

  • CEV 717 Bioprosesses in Environmental Engineering (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Enzyme kinetics, wastewater microbiology, microbial growth kinetics, types of biological reactors, discontinuous and continuous microbial growth models, activated sludge models, activated sludge reactors, trickling filters, rotating biological discs, stabilization ponds, oxidation dicths.

  •  CEV 718 Advanced Environmental Engineering Chemistry (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Principles of environmental chemistry, pH-temperature relations, nitrogen-phosphor-sulphur chemistry, iron-manganese chemistry, BOD and COD oxidation chemistry, heavy metal chemistry, inorganic halogen chemistry, water hardness chemistry, behavior of organic substances.

  • CEV 719 Advanced Oxidation Processes  (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Oxidation and oxidation principles, oxidation chemistry, oxidation kinetics, conditions affecting oxidation, fotocatalytic oxidation, catalysts that increase oxidation rate, ultrasonic oxidation and applications, oxidation products and their effects on environment, oxidation with ozone, oxidation with pure oxygen.

  • CEV 720 Wastewater Treatment Plant Design and Operation  (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Determination of wastewater amounts and characteristics. Plant design: collections systems, screenings, grid removal, sedimentation tanks, aeration tanks, disinfection systems, sludge removal systems, plant hydraulics, frequently observed problems in treatment plant operations and their solutions.

  • CEV 721 Heavy Metal Removal From Wastewater (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Definitions of sources, characteristics and environmental effects of environmentally important heavy metals. Heavy metal removal methods in environmental engineering applications, biosorption, adsorption, chemical precipitation, ion exchange, membrane prosesses. Application conditions of these methods.

  • CEV 722 Anaerobic Treatment Technologies (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

General overview of aerobic, anaerobic and biological treatment. Fundamentals of anaerobic treatment: environmental conditions and process control. Principles of anaerobic reactor design. Anaerobic treatment systems: classical anaerobic corruptives, anaerobic contact reactors, anaerobic filters, fluidized bed reactors, upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactors, membrane reactors, dry anaerobic fermenters. Treatability studies.

  • CEV 797 M.Sc. Seminar (0 2 0) 3 ECTS

For seminar course, student should prepare a seminar, whose topic is selected with advisor, should present properly in predetermined time and should submit seminar report to the advisor.

  • CEV 798 M. Sc. Field of Specialisation (2 0 0) 15 ECTS

M. Sc. student choose and study a topic under the guidence of his/her advisor.

  • CEV 799 M. Sc. Thesis Research (0 1 0) 15 ECTS

A research topic which can be experimental and/or theoretical has to be pursued. An M. Sc. Thesis is prepared at the end of this work. It should fulfill the requirements set by the Institute.

 

Content of Courses for Environmental Engineering PhD Program

 

  • CEV 801 Principles of Physical Modeling inTreatment Systems (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Introduction, Definition of scale up/down and examples from applications, Principles of physical modeling: physical models, design criteria for general models, Dimensional analysis and simulation, physical modeling in bioreactors, Scale up methods in applications: theoretical methods, half theoretical methods, dimensional analysis method, design depending on past experiences, flow analysis methods, Scale up and scale down methods and applications: aeration systems, activated sludge and trickling filter systems, sequential batch reactors, anaerobic reactors, anaerobic fluidized bed reactor.

  • CEV 802 Transport Phenomena (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Analytical and numerical solutions of continuity equations Transport of momentum and energy, Introduction to separation by potential and laminar boundary layer flow; Heat and mass transfer equations for multi-component mixtures, Interface momentum, heat and mass transfer equations.

  • CEV 803 Filtration Theory (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Structure of granular medium, Linear flow in porous medium, Non-linear flow in porous medium, fluidization of filters, Backwashing in rapid filters, Concentration Distribution, Unsaturated flows, Dispersion flow systems and biological filtration.

  •  CEV 804 Applied Mathematics (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Definitions of linear spaces and transforms, Matrix definitions of linear operators, Eigen values of operators, function planes, Orthogonal functions, Integral transforms, Partial differential equations of mathematical physics, Solutions of initial value and boundary value problems, Solutions of wave, heat and Laplace equations.

  • CEV 805 Odor and Emission Control in Environmental Systems (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Odor characteristics, measurement and regulation, odor occurrence at water and wastewater treatment facilities, odor occurrence at solid waste facilities, emissions of odorous compounds, odor monitoring programs, odor control methods, biological methods, oxidation methods, wet control systems, methods based on adsorption, modeling of odor emissions.

  • CEV 806 Air Pollution and Climate Change (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Earth and greenhouse gases effect, regional, local and global issues: acidification, tropospheric ozone, urban air pollution and eutrophication, radiative effect of air pollutants, aerosols and climate change, stratospheric ozone pollution and climate change, effect of air pollution and climate change on human health, ecosystems and biodiversity, air quality policies and climate change, studies to prevent climate change.

  • CEV 807 Atmospheric Chemistry  (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Air pollution, air pollutant parameters, effects, sources, atmosphere, atmospheric composition, global cycles and half-lives of pollutants in the atmosphere, organic pollution sources and pollutants, atmospheric photochemistry and chemical kinetics, tropospheric chemistry, simple photochemical cycles, radical mechanisms, chemistry of the primary and secondary pollutants in the atmosphere, water phase reactions, chemistry of the stratosphere, ozone thinning, transport of ozone, halocarbons, atmospheric aerosols, dynamic behavior of aerosol particles, dry and wet deposition, atmospheric chemistry and climate change.

  • CEV 808 Air Pollution Meteorology and Dispersion (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Overview of air pollution, structure and dynamics of atmosphere, atmospheric systems and pollutant transportation, micrometeorology and PBL, statistical definition of atmospheric turbulence, gradient convection theories, diffusion theory, statistic and simulation theories, gauss diffusion models, plume rise, gravitational and dry deposition, numerical diffusion models, urban and regional air quality models.

  • CEV 809 Environmental Hydrogeology (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Hydrological cycle and water budget,  origin of groundwater, rock properties affecting groundwater, aquifers and springs, groundwater movement, groundwater and well hydraulics,  construction of water wells, quality of groundwater, pollution of groundwater, groundwater flow modeling techniques, groundwater management, saline water intrusion in aquifers.

  • CEV 810 Electrochemical Water and Wastewater Treatment (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Introduction to electrochemical treatment, Electrochemical principles, Electrodes and electrochemical cells, Design parameters in electrochemical cells, Electro-oxidation, Electro-coagulation, Electro-flotation, Hybrid processes, Application fields of electrochemical treatment, Operational parameters of electrochemical treatment, Electrochemical treatment of organic and inorganic compounds in wastewaters, Case studies.

  •  CEV 811 Groundwater and Soil Pollution Treatment Technologies (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Soil structure and classification of soils, Definition of Saturated and unsaturated zone, Groundwater and soil pollution sources, Pollutant types and features, Groundwater and soil remediation technologies: Pollutant stabilization methods, In-situ remediation methods, Ex-situ remediation methods.

  • CEV 812 Sea Pollution (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Introduction to marine pollution, Diffusion and dispersion definitions, Currents and waves,  Hydrodynamic dispersion and pollutant dispersion in marine environments, Terrestrial pollutants and eutrophication, Waste disposal to coastal sites and seas, Thermal pollution, Microbial pollution in coastal sites and indicator organisms, Marine pollution monitoring, Petroleum derivatives and accidents at sea, Heavy metal pollution, Watercraft originated pollution.

  • CEV 813 Water and Wastewater Management in Industries (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Water and wastewater sampling methods, Flow measurements, Wastewater characterization, Preparation of flow charts and mass balances of waste, Approaches to reduce the amount of wastewater: changes in process, reusing of wastewater in the process, reusing of wastewater after treatment, Case studies in reduction and reusing of wastewater.

  • CEV 814 Recovery and Reuse of Wastewaters (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Definitions of the terms of wastewater reclamation and reuse, Importance and future of the wastewater reuse, Technical aspects of the planning of reuse systems, Reuse potential and evaluation of the existing technologies, Reuse practices: Urban, industrial and agricultural reuse, Wastewater reuse for recreational and environmental purposes, Groundwater recharge, Case studies, Regulations, Financing of reuse systems, Public information programs.

  • CEV 815 Environmental Infrastructure Systems (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Pipe hydraulics, water distribution systems, sewerage and storm water systems, design criteria, application examples.

  • CEV 816 Control of Organic Substances in Drinking Water (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Importance of organic matter pollution in drinking waters, properties of organic matters, sources of organics, analysis and measurement methods of organics, monitoring programs, Disinfection byproducts of organic matters, monitoring of organic disinfection byproducts, organic matter removal processes in drinking waters, principles of air stripping, some advanced oxidation processes: Ozone/UV, H2O2/UV and H2O2/Ozone; Filtration techniques: Membrane Processes, reverse osmosis and ultrafiltration, Electrochemical Processes, Electro-dialysis, Adsorption and Ion exchange.

  •  CEV 817 Natural Systems in Wastewater Treatment (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Introduction to natural treatment systems, planning, feasibility studies and land selection, basic treatment mechanisms, basic process components and interaction, wastewater stabilization ponds, phytoremediation, natural and manmade wetlands, land treatment systems, sub-surface treatment systems, low rate infiltration, draining on land and rapid infiltration systems, natural sludge treatment and management.

  • CEV 818 Energy and Environment (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Definition of energy and its units, Thermal power plants and energy production, Resulting pollution problems, Different energy resources: fossil fuels, nuclear energy and renewable energy resources: wind, solar and hydraulic energy, Utilization ratios of energy resources in different countries, Pollution problems depending on energy usage and solution methods, Fuel cells and methods of energy storage, Global warming and predictions in climate changes.

  • CEV 819 Pollution Transport and Behavior in Environment (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Transport equations for pollutants: diffusion, convection and radiation, Transport equations of pollutants in surface water, groundwater and atmosphere and their similarities: conduction, diffusion, sorption, mass transfer between phases and transforms, effects of medium parameters in pollutant transfers by conduction and diffusion and measurement methods of these parameters, Analysis of pollution; analytical and numerical solutions of pollutant transport equations.

  • CEV 820 Industrial Wastewater Control And Cleaner Technologies (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Industrial wastewater resources and characterization of wastewaters depending on resources, Wastewater standards, Treatments methods, Equipment in control loops and transfer functions: sensors and controllers, New approaches to reduce wastes: clean technologies with no waste, Possible changes in present technologies to reduce air, water and soil pollution: examples from the productions of paper and steel.

  • CEV 821 Principles of Modeling in Treatment Processes (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Modeling studies: equations of continuity and motion for homogeneous and heterogeneous processes Scale up methods in applications: theoretical methods, dimensional analysis and simulation, Design equations depending on past experiences and applications: aeration systems, activated sludge and trickling filter systems; sequential, anaerobic and fluidized bed reactors.

  •  CEV 822 Hazardous Waste Management (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Hazardous waste identification and classification. Biological hazardous waste (medical waste), chemical hazardous waste (radioactive waste, batteries, waste oils). Sources and characteristics of hazardous waste. Radioactive waste formation and removal methods. Regulations for hazardous waste management, reduction at source, prevention, recycling, treatment, and disposal processes. Preparation of hazardous waste management plan.

  •  CEV 823 Biological Nitrogen and Phosphorus Removal from Wastewater (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Biological nitrogen removal process from wastewater; Anoxic/aerobic processes, staged anoxic/aerobic process, batch reactor, sequencing batch reactor, identification and design of methanol addition denitrification processes after anoxic process. Flow charts and definitions for some alternative nitrogen removal processes. Design parameters for typical processes and design examples of the selected conditions. Identification of phosphorus removal process (A/O, A2/O, modified Bardenpho, UCT, VIP, Johannesburg process, SBR, Phostrip) from wastewater. The design parameters of the process; characteristics of wastewater, anaerobic contact time, SRT, waste sludge processing method, capacity of chemical addition. Comparison of phosphorus removal efficiencies for used processes, advantages and disadvantages. Alternative phosphorus removal processes.

  • CEV 824 Advanced Techniques in Wastewater Treatment (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Residual compounds of treated waste water, classification of technologies, Removal of organic and inorganic colloidal and suspended solids, removal of dissolved organic compounds, removal of dissolved inorganic compounds, removal of biological components, selection of process and process efficiency. Processes are used; Chemical processes, reverse osmosis, electrodialysis, adsorption, chemical precipitation, advanced oxidation, ion exchange and distillation.

  • CEV 825 Treatment of Treatment Plant Sludges (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Sources of sewage sludge, chemical and biological properties. The methods used for the treatment of sewage sludge. Determine the amount of sewage sludge. Sludge stabilization, concentration, dewatering and conditioning. Final disposal of sewage sludge, methods and applications, disinfection. Regulations regarding the disposal of wastewater treatment plant sludge.

  • CEV 826 Environmental Applications of Chromatographic Methods (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Chromatographic Methods, definition and purpose, environmental engineering technology and pollution applications.

  • CEV 827 Chemical Composition of Atmospheric Particles (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Definitions and properties of atmospheric particles, meteorological changes, chemical compositions analysis methods, sources, impacts on environment and human health.

  • CEV 828 Hydraulics of Sea Discharge (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Spreader internal hydraulics, basic equations, flow analysis, calculation methods with computer. Pumping and hydraulic changes, changes related with hydraulic weight, wave effects on spreader operation, first dilution in homogen receiving water, dilution in surface, dilution under surface, dilution of circular jets, first dilution in receiving bodies with different density, second state dilution, relationships between shore flows and spreader direction,  Brooks model, design under flow and wave effects.

  • CEV 829 Integrated Shore Land Management (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Definition of the shore areas, determination of land and sea borders, definitions of internal and external parameters, main aims of shoreline management, the need of organization and continuity, importance of economical and environmental shorelines, environmental threats on shorelines, sustainable development, sustainable improvement, calculations methods, environmental impacts of shore structures. Monitoring methods in shorelines, characterization of data, definition of shoreline natural balance items, behaviors of shorelines, the effects of non-governmental organizations, effects of globalization on shorelines, relation between basin management and shoreline management, basic principles of total shoreline management.

  • CEV 830 Ecological Shoreline Engineering (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

General properties of shoreline engineering applications, coactions between natural and artificial structures, sources and transmission of wave energy, loose and rigid shores, spend of wave energy, dynamic stability of natural shores, wave breaking and profile changes, reef effects on natural shore stability, definitions of environmentally friendly shores, selection principles of optimum wave condition design from the view of environmental protection, design of shoulder type breakwater, design of pile-type breakwater, protecting shorelines with partial covering, laboratory experiments in environmental shoreline engineering, Artificial beach design.

  • CEV 831 Engineering Behavior of Soils  (3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Formation of soils and jeological cycle, mineorology of soils, physco-chemical behaviors of soils, arrangements and measurement methods of course and fine structure soils, ground water and chemical interaction, rheology, effective tension, tension trace, teories of transmission and convection, time effect of soil tension.

  • CEV 832 Environmental Geotechnics(3 0 3) 6 ECTS

Methods of obtaining physical and hydraulic properties of soils in laboratory and in-situ, physical and chemical remediation methods and applications of soils, compaction of soil, site selection of fill area, geotechnic principles of fill areas, stability of fills, general information about geosynthetics, polimeric structures, geotextiles, geomembranes, geonets and geo-clay membranes and their design parameters, interactions of geosynthetic materials with chemicals, geocompozites and design parameters, applications in landfill sites.

  • CEV 897 PhD. Seminar (0 2 0) 3 ECTS

For seminar course, student should prepare a seminar, whose topic is selected with advisor, should present properly in predetermined time and should submit seminar report to the advisor.

  • CEV 898 PhD. Field of Specialisation (3 0 0) 15 ECTS

PhD. student choose and study a topic under the guidence of his/her advisor.

  • CEV 899 PhD. Thesis Research (0 1 0) 15 ECTS

A research topic which can be experimental and/or theoretical has to be pursued. A PhD. Thesis is prepared at the end of this work. It should fulfill the requirements set by the Institute.

 

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